There is a non-essential travel ban to Sweden from countries outside the EU until 31 August. The ban excludes Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and the UK. The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs advises against non-essential travel to most EU countries until 15 July, and to countries outside the EU, EEA or Schengen until 31 August. Sweden is now open for travels to Belgium, France, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Croatia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Switzerland, Spain and Hungary, as well as San Marino, Monaco and the Vatican. For more information on how the coronavirus/Covid-19 is affecting Sweden, please go to, official emergency information from Swedish authorities.


Key facts about Sweden

Looking for some key facts about Sweden? You’ve come to the right place! Scroll through this list to get a quick overview of the country.

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Sweden’s coastline is about 11,600 km long. This is Swedish west coast winter archipelago.
Photo: Per Pixel Peterson/

Key facts about Sweden

Looking for some key facts about Sweden? You’ve come to the right place! Scroll through this list to get a quick overview of the country.

Basic facts about Sweden

Capital: Stockholm

Population: around 10 million, 0.13 per cent of the world’s population

Life expectancy: Men 81 years, women 84 years

Language: Swedish (main language); and five official minority languages: Sami, Finnish, Meänkieli (Tornedalen Finnish), Yiddish and Romani Chib

Religion: The Church of Sweden is Evangelical Lutheran, but there are also many other religions and faiths in the country

National Day: 6 June

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Form of government: Constitutional monarchy, with parliamentary democracy – political power lies with the parliament and government; the monarch has ceremonial functions

Parliament: Called ‘riksdag’ – 349 members of parliament in a single chamber

Head of state: His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf; heir to the throne is Crown Princess Victoria

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Education and work

Education: Ten years of compulsory schooling, but most students continue to the three-year upper secondary school. Around one-third go on to higher education at universities and colleges throughout Sweden

Working hours: Standard work week is 40 hours, minimum paid holiday allowance is 5 weeks

Employment rate (20–64 years): Men: 84%; women: 80%; total: 82%

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Geography and nature

Longest north–south distance: 1,572 km

Longest east–west distance: 499 km

Total area: 528,447 sq km, the fifth largest country in Europe and roughly the same size as California
– Forests: 63%
– Lakes and rivers: 9%
– Marshland: 6.5%
– Agricultural land: 7%
– Grasslands: 7%
– Urban and industrial land: 3%
– Exposed rock and mountains: 4.5%

Highest mountain: Kebnekaise (2,099 m)

Biggest lake: Vänern (5,650 sq km)

Number of lakes larger than 100m x 100m: 95,700

Biggest cities and population, including suburbs (2017):
– Stockholm: 2,300,000
– Gothenburg: 1,000,000
– Malmö: 720,000

Number of national parks: 30

Time zone: GMT +1

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Money and trade

Currency: 1 krona (SEK) = 100 öre ≈ EUR 0.095

GDP per capita (PPP): SEK 457,300 (2017)

Most important export goods: Vehicles and machines, pharmaceuticals/chemicals, electronics, minerals, wood products, energy, foods, shoes and clothes

Contacting Sweden

Calling code: +46

Internet code: .se

Source: Statistics Sweden

Useful links – Statistics Sweden, official statistics about Sweden – facts related to Swedish economy – Eurostats, official statistics about the EU – World Bank Open Data, official statistics about the world

Last updated: 10 October 2018


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